Mount Sinai ( Moses Mountain, Mountain of God or Gebel Musa) is one of the most dramatic places of history for all Sinai and beyond. This is where Moses is believed to have received the Ten Commandments. In the Coran, Moses is mentioned to have been here once, according to the Bible, he has been here twice (the first time meeting his wife Zippora and receiving his mission, the second time leading the Israelitis to the promised land and receiving the Ten Commandments). This is also the place of the Burning Bush, the Monks’ Garden and the Ossuary .
Walking up this mountain is an unforgettable experience.
There are two trails that guide the way up to the top of Mount Sinai, both starting at the St. Catherine Monastery. There is the easier way, which goes along the Wadi El Deir ( the valley of the Monastery). This way, called Siket El Basha, is a bit longer, but much easier to go. Walking here you will find Beduines on the way who offer camel rides.
The second trail up the mountain is the path of Lord Moses (Siket Sayidna Musa). It was the ancient path for the monks and is supposed to count over 3,700 steps that were carved out of the existing rocks. This path takes longer and more effort to climb.
Walking up the Siket El Basha takes about two and a half to three hours.
When you arrive on the top of Mount Sinai it will still be dark, enabling you to see the sun rise. Beduines will offer blankets, temperatures might go down to 5°C, sometimes less, depending on the season.
In the early morning, the first light can be seen on the horizon, getting more and more every few minutes until the first sun rays hit the mountains. This spectacle will last only a few minutes, perhaps half an hour.
On the way down, the more scenic route is the steeper Siket Sayidna Musa path. On the journey down Beduines will ask you to buy their gifts and pose for a photo. These Beduines are mostly from the tribe Muszeina, while the Beduines from the tribe Gebeleya are difficult to find. They are about 1,500 in number and descendants of Macedonian people.